What do you know about Guadeloupe anyway? (2/5)

But enough with the geography lesson you didn’t ask for. Guadeloupe is as much about culture as I can proudly say I am Creole. Brace yourselves, King Bey isn’t the epitome of Creole identity.

Guadeloupe is creole

Creole is just a generic word to talk about Caribbean culture in general and it’s tightly linked to the European colonisation of the area. It basically comes from an old Spanish word creollo which refers to someone born in the New World.

une-peinture-representant-la-pinta-la-santa-maria-et-la-nina-the-art-archive-museo-de-la-torre-del-oro-seville-gianni-dagli-orti
La Niña, la Pinta and la Santa Maria, the 3 ships used by Christopher Columbus in his first voyage to the Americas

Creollo itself derives from the old Portuguese word criado, meaning servantSee where I’m going with this

Long story short, creole just means you come from a complex historical background. For example, Guadeloupe was at first a prized possession the Spanish, the English and the French vividly fought for. Even the Swedes owned the island for a couple of weeks!

The few remaining Natives, African slaves of all horizons, Europeans and later, Indians were forced to coexist and find ways to understand each other. That is why creole is also a spoken language.

la-pinta-la-nin%cc%83a-y-la-santa-maria
Replicas of la Niña, la Pinta and la Santa Maria

Do you speak creole? 

In the Caribbean, each and every island has its own version of what is often mistakenly considered as a patois. In truth, creole is an idiom like any other, born of a mix of different European and African languages and dialects shared across the region. At some point, creole — in one of its variations — was even the first language used to communicate across the Caribbean. 

However, as France, Spain or the UK secured their grip on their colonies and with widespread Western education particularly over the 20th century, creole was progressively relegated to what was perceived as a lower-class citizen speak.  

Until very recently, we were still taught that using creole was utterly disrespectful! My own grand-mother wouldn’t let me use creole… ever. Which can explain why I suck at it so much, but hey!

We’ve come a long way and made peace with what is now recognised as being a full part of the various Caribbean identities. As a matter of fact, Creole is a language of images and unsuspected poetry. I’m going real old school with this one, but I cannot talk about creole and not talk about music. Before the world fell for the kizomba (which is honestly a mix of zouk and other things), we created Zouk!

Zouk typically speaks about love, the woes of life, heartbreak and so on. Here is a playlist to soothe your soul. You can thank me later.


Quick aparté
: Our most famous Zouk band is called Kassav (included in the playlist). Originally, kassav is a creole word for cassava, a quite popular woody shrub we consume a lot. It’s also a traditional sort of wafer made of cassava flour. You can have it with coconut jelly (or any other jelly, really). Yum!

La cassave est une galette de manioc, à manger en dessert avec de la confiture de coco.

A post shared by Les îles de Guadeloupe (@ilesguadeloupe) on

 

Since the 80s, a whole new generation of artists spread their wings and reclaim creole to conquer the world. Among them, E.sy Kennenga from our sister island, Martinique.

This is it for part 2. More to come for the foodies out there 🤤
You can also check part 1 by clicking here, hehehe 👀

📷  Jacques Lebleu (featured image)

What do you know about Guadeloupe, anyway? – Part 1
What do you know about Guadeloupe, anyway? – Part 2
What do you know about Guadeloupe, anyway? – Part 3
What do you know about Guadeloupe, anyway? – Part 4

Photos are a selection from @ilesguadeloupe.

You can also check out @idees@wat_magazine@happyman_photography and @visit_pointeapitre wonderful shots and takes on the Caribbean life.

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